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...

Claude Pascal

Claude Pascal was born on 19 February 1921 in Paris (France). He received piano lessons from the ago of five and entered the Paris Conservatory already at the age of 10. His musical abilities at this early age were that impressive, that Henri Rabaud - at that time director of the Paris Conservatory - recommended Claude Pascal to the conductor Walter Straram. And so a short-lived singing career started for Claude Pascal. He performed as Yniold in Debussy's "Palleas et Melisande" under Straram in 1933 and later in Schubert's "Erlkönig" with Georges Thill and Henry Etcheverry under the baton of Eugene Bigot. Claude Pascal also impressed Georges Truc, the head of the record label Columbia, who made several recordings with him of works by Debussy, Gabriel Grovlez and Robert de Fragny.

After this short intermezzo Claude Pascal continued his studies at the Paris Conservatory. His teachers were Jean Gallon (harmony), Noel Gallon (counterpoint), Henri Busser (composition), Louis Laloy (music history) and Charles Münch (conducting). He also took piano lessons with Yves Nat and conducting with Roger Desormiere and Louis Fourestier. Claude Pascal received several awards for his studies, but the breakthrough as a composer came in 1943 and 1945 when he first received the "Premier Second Grand Prix de Rome" for his cantata "Icare" and then the "Premier Premier Grand Prix de Rome" for his cantata "La Farce du Contrebandier". From 1946 to 1949 a stay at the Villa Medici in Rome followed where he became close friends with Henri Dutilleux, Raymond Gallois-Montbrun, Genevieve Joy or the architect Jean Dubuisson. The picture above dates from the time at the Villa Medici and shows from left to right: Raymond Gallois-Montbrun, Genevieve Joy, Claude Pascal, Gwen Rooke (the later wife of Claude Pascal) and Henri Dutilleux.

 

After his return to Paris Claude Pascal was first chorus master at the Opera-Comique, but already in 1952 became professor for sightreading at the conservatory and in 1965 professor for course guidance and asistant to the director Raymond Gallois-Montbrun. Claude Pascal held these positions until his retirement in 1987. From 1965 to 1967 Claude Pascal was also artist director of the recording label Club Francais du Disque. During this time he orchestrated the "Art of Fugue" in collaboration with Marcel Bitsch which was performed and recorded by the Saarland Radio Chamber Orchestra under Karl Ristenpart. This recording received the "Grand Prix de l'Académie du disque" in 1967. Thereupon Claude Pascal worked also as a music critic for the newspaper "Figaro" from 1969 to 1979 and as an expert for music copy right from 1983 to 1991 at the appellate court in Paris.

 

Claude Pascal died on 28 February 2017 in Paris (France).

 

Among the compositions by Claude Pascal are more than 100 works of nearly all genres. The autograph manuscripts for these works are archived both at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France (BNF) and in my archive. Below I present a detailed work catalogue of Claude Pascal. Each composition also shows which kind of documents are in my archive. If I do not hold any manuscripts of a work, they are most likely preserved at the BNF.

Work catalogue and archive finding aid

 

The spreadsheet below shows information about the compositions by Claude Pascal. It lists the year, then the title of the work, the instrumentation and if it was published. In the final column one can find information about the documents in my archive that are connected to the composition.

1932

Un soir de trente janvier, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript

1932

Chant, for voice and piano

text by Maurice Chevrier

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1932

Concerto (for piano?), incomplete

(unpublished)

• autograph sketches
1938

Le Rideau de Ma Voisine, for voice and piano

text by Alfred de Mussat

(unpublished)
• autograph fair copy
1938

[Untitled], for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1939

Barques celestes, for 3 voices and 2 pianos

text by Alfred Drouin

(unpublished)
• autograph fair copy
1939

La jeune fille a la chevre, for voice and piano

text by Maurice Chevrier

(unpublished)
• autograph fair copy
1939

Pour bercer, for piano

(unpublished)
• autograph fair copy
1940

Sonatine for piano and bassoon

(unpublished)

• autograph sketches

• autograph fair copy

1940

S‘il en aime une autre, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1940

A une femme morte, for 3 female voices and cor anglais

text by Pierre de Ronsard

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1940

Un pauvre jeune berger, for voice and piano

text by Paul Verlaine

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph fair copy of English version

1941

Prelude et Fugue, for reed trio

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1942

Pygmalion delivre, for 3 voices and orchestra

contestant for the Prix de Rome

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph fair copy of piano reduction

1942

A la Taverne, for voice, choir and orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph fair copy of piano reduction
1942

Les Hommes devant l‘Etoile

oratorio pour le temps de Noel

for voices, narrator and orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1942

Un petit roseau m‘a suffi, for choir and orchestra

text by Henri de Regnier

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1942

Divertissement for orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1943

String quartet

(Durand)

-
1943

Icare, cantata for voices and orchestra

contestant for the Prix de Rome

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph fair copy of piano reduction
1943

Ophelia, for 3 voices and piano

text by Arthur Rimbaud

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript

1943

Le voyage de Thesee, pour orchestre

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph working manuscript of piano reduction
1944

Octet for wind instruments

(Durand)

• autograph

working manuscript of the four movements

• autograph sketches for an unused movement titled "Scherzo"
1944

Louise de la Misericorde, cantata for voices and orchestra

contestant for the Prix de Rome

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copies of parts in piano reduction: roles of Montespan, Roi and Louise La Valliere
• autograph sketches
1944

Danse de Nymphes, for voice and piano

text by Tristan Dereme

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1944

Actualites France-Libre, for orchestra

(unpublished)
• autograph fair copy of full score
1944

Valse for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph working manuscript
1944

Guignol (for ?), incomplete

(unpublished)

• 3 small pieces for piano in autograph fair copies: Pas de deux, Ouverture et Scene I, and an untitled one.

1945

l‘Album de Lisette et Poulot, for piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy

• printed score

1945

Sonnet (for choir and piano?), incomplete

text by Theophile Gautier

• autograph working manuscript
1945

La Farce du Contrebandier, cantata for voices and orchestra

contestant for the Prix de Rome

(Durand)

• printed score
1946

Hamlet, for orchestra

adaption for radio by R. Laforgue & B. Horowicz

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph sketches

1946

Cesar et Cleopatra, for ensemble

adaption for radio by Pierre Barbier after the play by B. Shaw

(unpublished)

• autograph working manuscript
1946

La Cigale et la Fourmi, ballet for one part, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1946

Le Dompteur, ballet, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1947

Sonatine for alto saxophone and piano

(Durand)

• autograph working manuscript

• printed score

1947

Sonata for violin and piano No.1

(Durand)

• printed score
1947

Rondo for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1949

Suite militaire, for orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1949

Jardin zoologique, pieces for children for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1950

Air variee, for contrabass and piano

(Durand)

-
1950

Le Bal improvise - Danses d‘hier et d‘aujourd‘hui, for piano

(Durand)

-
1950

Deux pieces faciles, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1950

Neuf signaux de Pause, ecrits pour la Radiodiffusion Francaise, for ensemble

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1951

Pop-corn, for violin and piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1951

Preambule et Fugue, for orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• autograph sketches

1951

Sylvie, for voice and orchestra

(film music?)

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1951

Une Americain a Venice, ballet, incomplete

based on a work by J.L.Kahn

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copies of two sections: „Slow“ and „Chanson italienne“ for piano

• autograph story board

1952

Toccata for piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1952

Pastorale heroique, for trombone and piano

(Durand)

-
1952

Piece for oboe and piano

(Durand)

-
1952

Sonatine for violin and piano

(Durand)

-
1952

12 chansons francaises, for 3 voices

(Durand)

-
1952

Paraphrase sur des themes de Richard Wagner, for orchestra

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1953

Impromptu, for alto saxophone and piano

(Durand)

-
1956

Sans savoir ou, for voice and piano

music by "Claude Pascal dit Mancelles" text by Valory

• autograph fair copy
1957

Le Cahier du lecteur, ou la recreation pianistique, for piano

(Durand)

-
1958

Improvisation en forme de canon, for trombone and piano

(Durand)

• autograph working manuscript
1958

Concerto for piano and chamber orchestra

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy of piano reduction

• printed score

1958

Sonate en 6 minutes 30, for tuba (or bass trombone or saxhorn) and piano

(Durand)

-
1959

Concerto for cello and orchestra

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy of full score

• printed score
1959

25 chansons francaises, for 2 voices

(Durand)

-
1960

Music for harp

(Durand)

-
1961

Saxophone quartet

(Durand)

• copy of autograph
1961

Ouverture pour un conte de fees, for orchestra

(Durand)

-
1962

Portraits d'enfants, for piano

(Durand)

• printed score
1963

Sonata for violin and piano No.2

(Durand)

 
1963

Ut ou Do, for children's choir

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1963

Sonata for horn and piano

(Durand)

-
1964

Trois legendes, for clarinet et piano

(Durand)

-
1965

Six pieces variees, for flute and piano

(Durand)

-
1965

Six pieces variees, for clarinet and piano

(Durand)
-
1965

Six pieces variees, for trumpet and piano

(Durand)
-
1965

Berceuse de l'oiseau blesse, for piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1966

Grave et Presto, for cello and piano

(Durand)

-
1966

Sonate breve, for oboe and piano

(Durand)

-
1967

Concerto for harp and orchestra

(Durand)

-
1967

Orchestration of Art of Fugue by Bach

in collaboration with Marcel Bitsch

(Durand)

• autograph working manuscript

• printed full score

1969

Douze dechiffrages, for piano

(Durand)

-
1969

Prelude et Fugue, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1970

Suite for piano

(Durand)

-
1970

Pendubidu, ronde du folklore francais, for 4 mixed voices

(Durand)

-
1971

La Stephanie n‘est pas fanny, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

• copy of autograph
1972

Sonata for cello and piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1977

Orchestration of 14 canons by Bach BWV 1087

in collaboration with Marcel Bitsch

(unpublished

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript

• autograph sketches

1980

Quatre etudes, for piano

(Durand)

• copy of autograph
1980

Triptyque ferroviaire, for children's choir

(A Coeur Joie)

• autograph fair copy
1980

Portrait de l'oiseau-qui-n'existe-pas, for voice and piano

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy (baritone version)

• copy of autograph (soprano version)

1981

L'invitation aux voyages, for choir

(A Coeur Joie)

• autograph fair copy
1981

Cousins en vacances - 12 petits morceaux tres faciles sur 5 notes, for piano

(Durand)

-
1981

Alleluia pour un mariage, for ensemble

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript

1981

10 canons for choir

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1982

Sonatine for piano

(Durand)

• copy of autograph
1982

Suite francaise, for cello

(Durand)

-
1982

J'ai voulu te rejoindre, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

-
1983

Romance et rondo, for 2 violas

(unpublished)

• copy of autograph
1983

En passant de la Lorraine a la crapette, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1985

Elegie for organ

(Durand)

• autograph fair copy
1985

4 Chansons, for voice and piano

text by Victor Hugo

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1985

Germaine, for 3 voices

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1985

Petite symphonie pour un grand anniversaire, for 12 musicians

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of full score
1986

Danse des lutins, for flute and piano

(Combre)

-
1986

Seduction, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1986

Offertoire, for organ

(Combre)

• incomplete autograph fair copy
1987

Felicite, for cello and piano

(Combre)

• copy of autograph
1987

Planetarium, for alto saxophone and piano

(Combre)

-
1987

Histoire de canard, for voice and piano

text by Claude Pascal

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1987

Le ronde des lapins, for violin and cello

(unpublished)

• copy of autograph
1988

Carnet de notes - 74 progressive piano pieces in 6 volumes

(Combre)

-
1988

Meandres, for bassoon and piano

(Combre)

-
1988

Recreation, for clarinet and piano

(Combre)

-
1989

Capriccio, for clarinet

(Billaudot)

-
1990

Sonata for violin alone

(Combre)

-
1990

Reflets, for oboe and piano

(Combre)

-
1991

60 petites etudes, for piano

(Combre)

-
1991

Four quartets for clarinets

(Billaudot)

-
1991

Trois inventions, for quartet of bamboo flutes (or recorders or reed instruments)

(Zurfluh)

• autograph fair copy (only 1st mvt)

• copy of autograph (only 2nd mvt)

1991

Marche, for trumpet and piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1992

Framboise et Amandinee, les jumelles de l'espace, children's opera

(Combre)

-
1992

Piano-retro, for piano

(Combre)

-
1992

Prelude et fugue ou Le jeu de la quarte, for ensemble of 12 saxophones

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1993

Farfelettes, for children's choir and one or two instruments

(Combre)

-
1993

Paraphrase sur "The Entertainer", for clarinet (or alto saxophone, or flute, or violin) and piano

(Combre)

• autograph fair copy
1993

Scherzetto, for bamboo flute quartet

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
1995

Scherzetto for saxophone quartet

(Combre)

• autograph fair copy of early version

• copy of autograph of final version

1996

Concerto for flute and string orchestra

(Combre)

-
1997

Sonata for horn alone

(Combre)

-
1997

Trio en fa, for soprano or tenor recorder

(Combre)

-
1998

Quatre farfelettes, for voice and piano

(Combre)

-
1998

Trois etudes-caprices, for piano 4-hands

(Combre)

-
1999

Partita for alto saxophone and piano

(Combre)

-
2001

Dans mes cordes, for violin and piano

(Combre)

-
2001

Airs varies, for clarinet and piano

(Combre)

-
2002

Bleu, for clarinet and piano

(Combre)

-
2002

Sonata for 2 flutes

(Combre)

-
2002

Equinoxe, for horn and piano

(Combre)

-
2002

Suite choreographique, for saxophone quartet

(unpublished)

-
2002

Serenade for guitar

(Combre)

-
2002

Notturno for violin and piano

(Combre)

-
2003

Tendre valse, for alto saxophone and piano

(Combre)

-
2003

Top-Model et Cie, fo voice and piano

(unpublished)

-
2003

Elements de solfege, for voice and piano

(unpublished)

-
2003

Allegro, Choral et Fugato, for horn quartet

(Combre)

-
2004

Plages, for recorder and piano

(Combre)

-
2005

Rituel tibetain, for horn quartet

(unpublished)

-
2005

Concerto for alto saxophone and orchestra

(Combre)

-
2006

Deja 1 an!, for voice and piano

text by Jean-Marie Manus

• copy of autograph
2007

Atout choeur, for mixed choir and organ or piano

(unpublished)

-
2007

Entree pour un mariage - paraphrase sur la Marche nuptiale de Mendelssohn, for flute and organ

(unpublished)

-
2009

[Untitled], for voice, clarinet, cimbalom, piano and strings

text begins with "Me voici tres elegante"

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
2010

Ricordanza, for cello and piano

(Combre)

-
2012

A portee de mains, for piano

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2012

Au-dessus des nuages, for bassoon and piano

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2012

"C'est moi j'arrive" dit la cle de fa, for piano

(Sempre piu editions)

• incomplete copy of autograph
2012

Communion, for organ

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2013

Marche sans tambour mais avec trompette, for trumpet and piano

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2014

Volte-face, for oboe and piano

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2014

Cordes a vide, for violin and viola

(Sempre piu editions)

-
2014

Deux etudes-tableaux, for violin

(Sempre piu editions)

-
????

Belle, allons legerement, for 3 voices

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

Morceau de dechiffrage, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

Villon qui feint se meurt

(composition for radio)

text by Marie Recordaire

(unpublished)

autograph working copy, incomplete

????

L‘odyssee fantastique de Rene Caille, pour orchestre

(composition for radio)

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

Pour Bonne-maman et Grand-pere

melodie de Anne-Isabelle Michelin

harmonisation de Claude Pascal

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy (without text)
????

Les vacances, for ?

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of the parts "Gaston Rey" and "role enfant"

• autograph working manuscript, incomplete

????

La Perle, (for piano?)

(unpublished)

• autograph working manuscript, incomplete
????

Marion, for voice and piano

text by Paul Barboni

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

Concertino for piano, strings and trumpet

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy of piano reduction, only 1st mvt
????

Le Rhone, (music for a documentary?)

(unpublished)

• autograph sketches
????

Mai, for voice and piano

text by Guillaume Apollinaire

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript

????

Aubade, for voice and piano

text by Guillaume Apollinaire

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy

• autograph working manuscript
????

La Chasse, for mixed choir and piano

text by Jose-Maria de Heredia

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

[Untitled], for choir

Christmas song in Englissh, begins with: "Winter whitens vale and hill"

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

Trois pieces pour piano sur des themes anglais, polonais et francais, for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

[Untitled], for piano

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

[Untitled], for choir

2 works beginning with: „Sous le ciel lave couleur de cafard“ and „C‘etait un petit chien de la place Pigalle“

(unpublished)

• autograph fair copy
????

28 small piano pieces. Could be parts of „Le Cahier du lecteur“ (1958) or „Carnet de notes“ (1988) or "60 petits etudes" (1991)

(unpublished)

• autograph working manuscript

Furthermore the archive contains exercises from Claude Pascal's years of study. That includes dozens of own harmony practices and fugues, but also results of other composers from earlier years or by fellow students. Claude Pascal created two large books with copies of these small exercises which include his own works as well as realisations by Claude Cassou, Valerie Hamilton, Roger Fayeulle, Paul Bonneau, Jacqueline Pangnier, Jean Gallon, Georges Caussade, Henri Challan, Henri Dutilleux and Raymond Gallois-Montbrun.

 

Also included are dozens of exercises which Claude Pascal later presented to his students. This includes exercises for sight reading (dechiffrage), solfege, and harmonics as well as compositions for annual awards of the Paris conservatory for violin, cello, oboe, organ and other instruments. Claude Pascal added also some (probably impressive) results of his students. Included are fugues on a theme by Claude Pascal composed in 1965 by Alain Jeanneret and Koichi Uzaki and two results on harmony exercises by Akio Yashino from 1954.

In addition to the manuscripts and printed scores of his own compositions the archive also contains a few scores by other composers with dedications to Claude Pascal:

  • Henri Dutilleux: Tout un monde lointain, pour violoncelle et orchestre
    "A toi, mon cher Claude - en pensant a Slava - en souvenir de mistral d'Aix et des 'houles internationales' que durent affronter concerto et sonate! En pensant surtout au chaleureux soutien que tu apportes a cette musique - Affectueusement Henri 23/5/73"
  • Pierre Sancan: Berceuse pour piano
    "Pour te bercer mon enfant!... Hommage inattendu... at attendu de l'auteur. Affectueusement a toi, Pierre Sancan"
  • Pierre Sancan: Toccata pour piano
    "Pour toi mon vieux Clo-Clo, mon ami, mon pere, cette vieille 'Toccata' des 'cents familles' que tu connais si bien et que je joue si mal... (Rassure toi elle n'est pas a orchestrer...). Avec mon grande et sincere affection, Pierre Sancan"
  • Jean Gallon: Improvisation (Etude de sonorite) pour piano
    "A Claude Pascal, Bien affectueusement, Gallon 22 mars 1949"
  • Gabriel Grovlez: Deuxieme Recueil de Chanssons enfantines - No.1 Chanson de la Culotte
    "A Claude Pascal qui chante delicieusement, amicalement Gabriel Grovlez Oct. 1933"

And the archive includes a few poster of concerts including works or performances by Claude Pascal. The Most notable example is the poster of the world premiere performance of "Le Farce du Contrebandier" which brought him the Prix de Rome in 1945:

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© Tobias Broeker