Oscar Köhler was born on 19 May 1851 (other sources say 18 May, or 1857) in Schkeuditz (Germany). He studied with Joseph Brambach and Julius Tausch in Bonn. Later Oscar Köhler worked as a lecturer at the Sternsches Konservatorium in Berlin and as conductor. In his late years he was music director of the Stadtorchester and the Winderstein Orchester in Leipzig. Oscar Köhler died on 9 December 1917 in Erfurt.
The "Romance for violin and orchestra op.136" was composed around 1900 and published by Richard Kaun in Berlin.