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2017-02-20: Bradley: VC

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2016-12-08: Felsenfeld: VC

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other violin manuscripts

My research let me find a few rare and important manuscripts without a concertante violin. I would like to make these documents traceable for those who are researching on the topic.

John Luke Rose (*1933): Violin sonata No.1 op.28 (1973). Fair copy of the score in the composer's hand.

 

The Violin sonata was composed (according to the dates given in the autograph manuscript) between October 1972 and March 1973. The work is dedicated to Yfrah Neaman and David Wilde.

John Luke Rose (*1933): Three meditations and rondo, for solo violin. Fair copy of the score in the composer's hand.

 

The work is subtitled "Music for wide-open spaces" and is followed by an instruction from the composer: "These pieces may be played while watching the sunrise on Mt. Kanchyinyunga in the Himalayas; in a boat on Milford Sound or Lake Lucerne; in the prairies near the Rockies, or anywhere what just happens to be handy."

Rose_MeditationsAndRondo.pdf
PDF-Dokument [259.5 KB]

Werner Karthaus (1901-1971): String quartet (1921). Fair copy of the full score in the composer's handwriting.

 

Werner Karthaus was a German musicologist and composer who was a renowned figure in the German music life in the first half of the 20th century. He composed 6 symphonies, a cello concerto, a capriccio for piano and orchestra, an opera "Doktor Eisenbart", chamber music and songs. His works were performed regularly in the 1930s and 40s, for example his first symphony was premiered  1940 in Essen under Albert Bittner, his second symphony 1942 in Remscheid under Horst Tanu Margraf.

Werner Karthaus composed a second string quartet c-minor in 1933, but this one was begun 20 June 1920 and finished 15 February 1921. So this seems to be one of the very first compositions of Werner Karthaus.

Karthaus_SQ.pdf
PDF-Dokument [1.5 MB]

Arthur Dennington (1904-1988): String quartet (1926). Fair copy of the full score and all four parts in the composer's hand.

Arthur Dennington was the conductor of the famous "Modern Symphony Orchestra", a London-based amateur orchestra that performed dozens of world and English premieres during its existence between 1931 and 1982. Arthur Dennington founded this orchestra and conducted it for 44 years until his retirement in 1975. The String quartet dates from the time of his studies at the King's College London.

Dennington_StringQuartet.pdf
PDF-Dokument [853.1 KB]

Arthur Dennington (1904-1988): Piano quintet (1923). Fair copy of the full score and parts for the strings in the composer's hand.

 

Another fine piece from the founder of the "Modern Symphony Orchestra". See the short biography above.

Dennington_PianoQuintet.pdf
PDF-Dokument [659.1 KB]

Herbert Griffiths (1899-1969): String quartet (1920). Fair copies of the full scores as well as of parts in the composer' handwriting.

 

Herbert Griffiths was a British organist and composer who later became famous for his theatre and film music. The string quartet dates from his student years at the Royal College of Music.

The set of manuscripts contain a full score of a 4-movement string quartet from 1920. Additionally there is a full score and parts of what seems to be a revised version of the string quartet, now with just three movements.

Carl Ueter (1900-1985): String trio (1946). Fair copy of the full score in the composer's hand.

 

Carl Ueter was a student of Franz Schreker and for many years professor for conducting at the Musikhochschule Freiburg. He also composed a lot during his lifetime, among that several String trios. This one is dated at the end "20.4.1946" and consists of the four movements: I. Introduktion: Allegro assai; II. Adagio; III. Scherzo: Vivacissimo ponibile; IV. Rondo: Vivace

In a telephone call with the widow of Carl Ueter, I got the information that most of his compositions are lost, because Carl Ueter always sent the original autographs to interested musicians and did not make copies! So actually available are just the two symphonies by him published by Schott and the works in my possession.

Ueter_StringTrio.pdf
PDF-Dokument [948.3 KB]

Josef Roeger (1890-1966): String quartet op.22 (1931). Fair copy of the full score in the composer's handwriting.

 

Josef Roeger was the only child of the famous violinist Marie Soldat-Roeger (1863-1955). He studied Classical Philology in Tübingen (Germany) and piano with Angelo Kessissoglu in Stuttgart. He later worked for the Styrian provincial government. In the 1920s Josef Roeger studied composition with Leopold Suchsland and Robert Fuchs in Vienna.

The String quartet op.22 was composed in 1931 and finished on 9 April 1931. The autograph manuscript is dedicated to a "quartet in Wales" at the end of the score.

Karl Herrmann (1882-1973): String quartet No.6 op.195 (1936). Fair copy of the full score in the composer's hand.

 

Karl Herrmann was born 23 August 1882 in Vienna (Austria). He first studied piano with Natalie Duesberg and music theory with Max Jentsch, Carl Lafite and Otto Müller. He later studied organ with Julius Böhm. Karl Herrmann first worked as a lecturer at the music school of August Duesberg in Vienna, but in 1914 he founded his own music school in his hometown. From 1934 to 1938 Karl Herrmann was teacher at the conservatory of folk music following a position as the music director of a Viennese music school. Karl Herrmann was also the founder of the "Wiener Tonkünstlerverein". He died on 30 January 1973 in Vienna.

 

Karl Herrmann composed over 300 works, among them are 6 symphonies, several masses, choral and vocal music, chamber music and piano works. Most of the autographs are archived at the Austrian National Library.

The String quartet No.6 op.195 was composed between 3 and 27 May 1936. It consists of the four movements I. Langsam - II. Sehr langsam - III. Scherzo - IV. Fuga.

Martin Georgi (1889-1969): String quartet op.57 (1939). Fair copy of the four parts in the composer's hand.

 

Martin Richard Georgi was born 1 February 1889 in Bockau (Germany). He studied at a teacher's seminar in Schneeberg and later became teacher in Gornsdorf and Klingenthal. From 1914 to 1919 he taught in Thum and also held the position of the cantor there. From 1919 to 1922 Martin Georgi studied music with Prof. Polenz in Annaberg and became a music teacher and later Studienrat. Martin Georgi died 06 February 1969 in Thum.

 

Martin Georgi composed mainly chamber music and Singspiele. His work list contains several violin and viola sonatas, string trios, a few works for organ, a Grafenstein Suite for string orchestra and at least two string quartets - one from 1939 and one from 1942. The String quartet op.57 was written between July and November 1939. It consists of the four movements I. Im raschen Schritt - II. Gesangsmäßig - III. Menuett - IV. Sehr rasch.

Willy Böttcher (1898- ca.1980): String quartet No.1 op.27 (1930). Fair copy of the full autograph score.

Willy Böttcher was born on 09 August 1898 in Wittgensdorf near Chemnitz (Germany). He received his musical education at the Städtische Orchester in Annaberg as violinist, violist and pianist. In 1919 Willy Böttcher moved back to Chemnitz for further studies as conductor and chorus master. From 1921 to 1931 he was concertmaster of the Chemnitz Philharmonic Orchestra. Willy Böttcher dedicated his activities also to his local congregation, the Adventsgemeinde Chemnitz where he led the chorus and string orchestra for decades. From 1946 untill his retirement in 1963 he was violist at the Städtische Orchester Chemnitz. Willy Böttcher then moved to Fürth in West-Germany where he deceased in the late 1970s.

 

The String quartet No.1 op.27 is subtitled "in Form einer Suite alten Stils" and was composed between 1926 and 1930. The work consists of six short movements titled I. Allemande - II. Menuett - III. Aria - IV. Gavotte-Musette - V. Sarabande - VI. Giga. The autograph bears an inscription to "Sud. Ass. R. Tretzsch", most likely this is Rudolf Tretzsch (1905 in Chemnitz - 1981), a violinist and music professor who is now best remembered for his huge viola collection which is now part of the Primrose International Viola Archive.

John Exton (1933-2009): Fantasy for violin and piano (1962). Fair copy of the full score in the composer's hand with a handwritten note on the composition.

 

The work is dedicated to violinist Sydney Humphreys and pianist Philip Ledger, but I could not find a note if they premiered the work. The earliest verifiable performance was on 10.05.1963 with Yfrah Neaman (violin) and Randolph Hokanson (piano) at the University of Washington. Later the work was also recorded for CD by Rotraud Schneider (violin) and Daniel Herscovitch (piano) for the Canberra School of Music record label.

 

John Exton included the following handwritten note on the Fantasy to the score:

 

The Fantasy was written during the summer of 1962, and was conceived primarily as a violin solo. The piano part is neither an accompaniment nor an equal complementary voice, but rather an extension and elaboration of the violin part which dominates throughout.

It opens with a slow, unaccompanied Cantilena for the violin, unfolding the thematic paragraph on which the whole piece is based as a sort of free and extended Passacaglia. Against successive developments and variations of this theme, the piano enters with short interjections which gradually coalesce into a fast, central scherzando section. This culminates in a joint cadenza for the two instruments, and the piece ends quietly with a return of the original mood, now with more reflective interjections from the piano.

Gerd Domhardt (1945-1997): String quartet No.1 (1974). Fair copy (with some corrections) of the four parts in the composer's hand.

 

This set of parts was in possession of Friedrich-Carl Erben, the first violinist of the Erben Quartet to whom the work is dedicated. The parts are clean copies but still have several handwritten remarks and revised measures stick over to the original writings. The first violin part also has two notes in a different handwriting (most likely from Friedrich-Carl Erben) about the premieres: The notes say that there was a pre-premiere on 24.09.1974 in Friedrichsbrunn at the "Quedlinburger Musiktage" and the premiere on 11.10.1974 at the University of Halle (Saxony-Anhalt) at the "XII. Hallesche Musiktage".

The score is published by Edition Peters.

Georg Katzer (*1935): String quartet No.1 (1965). Fair copy of the four parts in the composer's hand.

 

This set of parts was also in possession of Friedrich-Carl Erben (see the Domhardt autograph above). The sets have several corrections and comments in pencil, most likely from the composer himself. The sets are heavily damaged at the margins, which shows the sets were used several times for performance. The part of the first violin again has a note about the performances: 05.06.1967 was a recording session for the "Berliner Rundfunk" followed by two performances in the Apollosaal of the Staatsoper Unter Den Linden in Berlin (30.09.1967 and 17.11.1969).

The autograph came along with a copy of the published parts, each inscribed by the composer and dedicated to the corresponding member of the Erben Quartett (violin 1: Friedrich-Carl Erben, violin 2: Ralf-Rainer Haase, viola: Armin Orlamünde and cello: Wolfgang Bernhardt)

The string quartet No.1 is one of the earliest compositions by Georg Katzer. The score was published in 1971 by Deutscher Verlag für Musik, which now belongs to Breitkopf & Härtel.

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